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103B: Seclusion and Restraint

Seclusion and Restraint Procedures

Definition of Physical Restraint: Physical holding or otherwise restricting a student’s movements.

I. Guidelines for Use of Physical Restraint/Escort:

  1. Physical Restraint/Escort should be used only:

    1. In emergency situations, after less intrusive alternatives have failed or have been deemed inappropriate.

    2. In emergency situations to protect the safety of the student, staff, or others. Emergency situations may exist when a student is destroying property, which could lead to the harm of the student or others.

  2. Physical Restraint/Escort should NOT be used:

    1. For profanity or verbal disrespect

    2. For verbal threats unless the student demonstrates a means of or intent to carry out a threat.

    3. To force a student to perform an appropriate behavior or academic task, but only to stop an inappropriate behavior.

    4. As a punishment.

    5. In conjunction with a mechanical restraint. The use of any devices other than personal physical force to restrict the student should not be used.

  3. Safety Precautions

    1. The staff applying the physical restraint must be trained in its safe application (Crisis Prevention Intervention (CPI) trained). Each building should maintain a list of staff who have been trained and are certified in CPI.

    2. Never use prone restraints or any type of mechanical restraint.

    3. Whenever possible, the use of physical restraint should be observed by one other adult and documentation needs to be documented.

    4. During physical restraint, the student’s physical status, including respiration and skin color, should be continually monitored.

    5. The student should be released from the physical restraint as soon as the staff member(s) administering the hold determine the student is no longer in imminent danger of harming her/himself or others.

    6. If at any time during the hold the student experiences significant distress, immediately stop the hold and seek medical assistance.

  4. Notification/Reporting Procedures

    1. The “Physical Restraint or Physical Confinement and Detention” document is completed with notification and a copy sent to parent/guardian, a copy given to the building administrator, a copy placed in a school file, and a copy sent to the Director of Special Education when:

      • A student/staff or peer is injured. OR

      • A student must be physically assisted to a seclusionary time out. OR

      • A student has been in any physical restraint. OR

      • There is involvement by the police.

    2. Since extended holds increase the danger of injury, the building administrator shall be notified and approval obtained if the student continues to require a physical restraint beyond 20 minutes.

  5. Staff Training Staff utilizing physical restraint in the school must receive training which includes the following:

    1. Prevention and management of challenging behavior in students.

    2. A continuum of de-escalation techniques.

    3. Safe physical management, protective holding, and escort.

    4. Personal safety skills – how to protect oneself from assault or serious physical harm.

    5. Appropriate documentation and notification procedures.


South Tama Community School District recommends that staff serving children with behavioral disabilities or autism be certified in

Crisis Prevention Intervention (CPI) and that all guidelines of this program be followed.


Need more information Please Contact:

    Kym Stein, Director of Special Education

    (641) 484-4811 Ext 2208

    email: kstein@s-tama.k12.ia.us


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